Mental Health Basics: Definition, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Treatment, and More

Firstly, Mental health defines awareness, behavioral, and emotional well-being. Your mental health affects how you imagine, think, and act in daily life. It also influences your ability to survive with stress, overcome challenges, develop relationships, and heal from life’s setbacks and sufferings.

Similarly, people use the word “mental health” to describe the absence of a mental disorder. Consequently, Mental health can affect daily living lifestyle, personal relationships, and also physical health.

If we look after mental health, it can protect a person’s capacity to enjoy life. Moreover, if we do this, it maintains a balance between life activities, duties, and efforts to get psychological flexibility. Besides, some of the mental conditions are stress, depression, and anxiety. Moreover, they can affect mental health and disturb a person’s daily routine.

People who are mentally fit have:

  • A feeling of happiness
  • Proficiency in dealing with anxiety and kicking out from hardship.
  • An understanding is dealing with anxiety and kicking, in both their actions and their connections.
  • The flexibility to know new skills and adapt to improve.
  • A balance between job and game, comfort and action, etc.
  • Proficiency in creating and strengthening fulfilling bonds.
  • Self-confidence and in creating and strengthening

Warning Signs of Mental Illness:

However, not sure if you or someone you know is living with mental health problems? Moreover, experiencing one or more of the following feelings or behaviors is an early warning sign of a problem:

  • Long-lasting sadness or irritability.
  • high and low moods.
  • Strong feelings of anger
  • Substance abuse
  • withdrawing from friends, family, and colleagues
  • avoiding activities that they would normally enjoy
  • sleeping too much or too little
  • eating too much or too little
  • feeling hopeless
  • having consistently low energy
  • using mood-changing substances, including alcohol and nicotine, 
  • displaying negative emotions
  • being confused
  • Unable to complete daily tasks, such as getting to work or cooking a meal
  • having persistent thoughts or memories that reappear regularly
  • Thoughts of physical harm to themselves or others
  • hearing voices
  • experiencing delusions

Mental Health and Wellness

Positive mental health allows people to:

  • Realize their full potential
  • Cope with the stresses of life
  • Work productively
  • Make meaningful contributions to their communities

Ways to maintain positive mental health include:

  • Getting professional help if you need it
  • Connecting with others
  • Staying positive
  • Getting physically active
  • Helping others
  • Getting enough sleep
  • Developing coping skills

Causes of Mental health Illness

Firstly, Mental health problems might have broad range of causes. Similarly, It’s more probably that for many people there is a complex combination of factors. Although different people might be adversely affected by certain things than others one.

For example, some of the factors could that may cause a period of poor mental health:

  • childhood abuse, or neglect
  • loneliness
  • discrimination 
  • social disadvantage, poverty or debt
  • losing someone very close to you
  • severe or long-term stress
  • having a poor physical health condition
  • unemployment 
  • poor housing condition 
  • being a long-term care taker for someone
  • drug and alcohol misuse
  • domestic violence
  • trauma as an adult, 
  • physical causes like a head injury or a neurological condition.

Although lifestyle factors such as work, diet, drugs and lack of sleep can also affect your mental health. If you feel a mental health problem there are usually other factors as well.


There are different types of mental illnesses, and their symptoms will vary. Some common symptoms include:

  • Problems of thoughts arising like being confused, suspicious, or unusually angry or sad
  • Keeping to themselves
  • Mood swings
  • Relationship problems
  • Hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t there)
  • Abusing alcohol or drugs
  • Feeling low on hope and not enjoying things that they used to like
  • Thoughts of suicide or harming themselves or others
  • Sleep problems (too much or too little)

If you’ve symptoms like these, talk to your doctor or a counselor to find out what’s going on and what would help you.

How Common Is Mental Illness?

It’s mostly common as like cancer, diabetes, or heart disease. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about 1 in 5 U.S. adults had a mental health illness in 2014, and 1 in 25 use to with someone who had a serious condition.

These conditions can affect people of any age, income, educational level, race, and cultural background.

Types of Mental Disorders

Firstly, Mental illness, are like physical illnesses. In addition, there are more than 60 million Americans who are suffering from mental illness in any given year. The research describes that one in four adults and one in five children have mental health disorder at some point in their lives.

Success Treatment RatesRanges
Brain Disorder 45 – 60%
Major Depression65 – 80%
Bipolar Disorder80%
Panic Disorder70-90%

While there are near 300 classified forms of mental illness. But the five (5) major categories of mental illness are as enlisted below :

  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Mood Disorders
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Dementias
  • Eating Disorders

Anxiety Disorders:

It has impacted near 40 million American adults of age 18 years and older each year.

Anxiety disorders are a form of mental illness that causes people to feel distressing and fear and comprehension. Many people will feel it when periodically they are doing things like public speaking or a job interview. Those with anxiety disorders experience these symptoms for a specific period — six months or more.

If it is not treated properly, these symptoms can worsen and increase, including:

  • Panic attacks
  • Physical symptoms such as pain, nausea and headaches
  • Nightmares
  • Dominating thoughts
  • Fear of leaving the house

Mood Disorders:

Everyone felt that sadness, irritability, or a general case of the “blahs” at one time or another.

While bad moods are too common nowadays, and usually pass in a short period. People who are suffering from this usually live with more sustained and severe symptoms and disruption. People suffering from this mental illness find that their mood affects both mental and psychological well-being in their daily life. 

Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders:

Firstly, it is also a very serious type of brain disorder. That identifies through significant changes and unmanageable in both awareness and emotional function. It affects basic human aspects of life (e.g. language/communication, thought, perception of objects, self and others).

Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Hearing voice
  • Social withdrawal
  • Unclear speech
  • Abnormal reasoning


It differentiates a disorder of consciousness, also awareness related to health, such as memory loss and motor skills.

Some of the common forms of dementia include:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Health conditions (e.g., head trauma, HIV,) and
  • drugs/alcohol abuse, inhalants, or exposure to toxins

Eating Disorders:

Firstly, eating disorders are serious, dreadful conditions that can be life scaring, if left untreated. As well as that, these conditions exist during the period of adolescent years and primarily affect females.

Also, there are changes in the expression, symptoms, and habit of eating disorders. In addition, the common thing is that they all involve obsessive and sometimes unusual thoughts and behaviors, including:

  • Reduction of food intake
  • Overeating
  • Feelings of depression 
  • Concern of weight, body shape, poor self-image

However, over time, we need to decrease or increase the amount of food eaten take hold, and the illness escalates. 

What’s the Treatment?

The treatment totally depends on the condition of the patient. In many cases, people have to take one or more of these treatments:

Medication: – Prescription drugs help manage the symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, or psychosis.

Psychotherapy: – This may be one-on-one with a counselor. Or it may happen with a group. It may include learning different ways to respond to challenging situations.

Lifestyle change: – In some cases, changing your habits makes a difference. Obviously, exercise is also a type of treatment for mild depression.

In some cases, treatment may also include creative therapies (such as art therapy, music therapy, or play therapy), mindfulness and meditation, and brain stimulation therapies, such as:

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT):- You’re “asleep” under general anesthesia while doctors put electrodes on specific points on your head to stimulate your brain. It’s usually used for major depression, but doctors may consider it for other conditions, especially in severe cases. Most people get it several times a week for a few weeks, and usually only if other treatments haven’t worked.

Vagus nerve stimulation: – In which doctors implant a device that stimulates the vagus nerve, which relays messages to areas in the brain that are thought to affect mood and thinking. It’s approved to treat severe cases of depression that don’t respond to two or more antidepressant treatments.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation: – which uses magnets (outside the body) to stimulate the brain. It’s important to treat major depression if other treatments haven’t worked. The research on how well it works is mixed.

Some people may need day treatment or hospitalization, at least for a time, for more severe conditions.

For now, signing off until next post.

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